1. How do
I change my password?
At the shell prompt, type "passwd". You will be prompted
for you old password and then permitted to type in a new password. You
will type in your new password twice to make sure no it was entered correctly.
When you are typing in your old/new password, it will NOT be echoed back
to the screen for security purposes.
do I use the 'man' pages?
is short for "Manual Page". Some versions of the UNIX operating system
have manual pages online. To view a man page, type the following command:
is the name of the command you want more information on.
How do I remove files?
To keep this message
from appearing, you must type this:
rm -f filename
is the name of the file you want deleted.
4. I keep
getting 'Permission Denied' or 'Access Denied' messages when I FTP.
Make sure you start the ftp program in a directory you
have write access to, such as your home directory. If you have wondered
out of you home directory then you can return to your home directory by
wrong with the quota system. I can go over 10 megs.
There is nothing wrong with it. Quotas have a "hard limit"
and a "soft limit". The system will let you go over the soft limit for
a little while, but it will never let you go over the hard limit.
space is available from GDN for $2 a megabyte per month.
do I say something witty when someone 'fingers' me?
You must do the following things to have a "plan":
- Create a file called
".plan" in your home directory, containing what you want displayed.
- The ".plan" file
must be world-readable; execute the following command:
chmod 755 .plan
7. I have
a file called 'something.tar.Z How do I extract it?
Here is how you extract assuming the original file is called
tar xvf foo.tar
There are other variations
on this theme. Files with the extension ".tar.gz" can be extracted just
as above. Files with the extension".gz" can be uncompressed as follows:
Finally, files ending
simply in ".tar" can be extracted like this:
tar xvf filename.tar
It is important to
remember that ".gz" and ".Z" files are merely compressed, whereas ".tar"
files are archives of other files, somewhat like ZIP files in DOS.
8. My PINE
mail folder is getting BIG!
You need to either erase the entire file (mail/saved-messages),
or manually go through with pine, select that folder (with l), and manually
delete each message you want to get rid of.